Arm and Leg pain or numbness and tingling have many causes.
The most common would be nerve irritation. This can happen a couple of different ways. The most common would be secondary to inflammation such as after a sprain/strain to the neck or back. Possibly even a contusion or impact to the neck or back. Swelling occurs around the nerve and you develop symptoms of pain or numbness and tingling in the arms or legs.
The second most common would be arthritis in the neck or back joints. Many times degenerative discs lead to nerve compression, or even a bone spur developing may begin to irritate a nerve. This obviously is a little more serious and proper care is critical.
Last would be some sort of disc condition. These are split into three categories 1) bulge 2) herniation/protrusion 3) extrusion or prolapse. A bulging disc may put pressure on a nerve root causing pain in the spine, and or pain numbness and tingling down the arms or legs. Adjustments or traction work well to help heal this problem and we have great success with these in the office. Disc herniation’s are a little more serious. In this condition fibers in the disc have torn and the nucleus has started to migrate towards the nerve root applying pressure. Water content in the disc is usually beginning to be lost. The pump mechanism has failed (see disc herniation’s or disc conditions). Adjustments and traction still work well for disc herniation’s. Last an extruded disc is where the nucleus of the disc has pushed all of the way through the annular fibers and is now out in the canal. Nerve irritation is almost guaranteed and adjustments and traction are less likely to be an option.
Proper evaluation and diagnosis is essential to determine the cause of your arm and leg pain or numbness and tingling. If it is one of the above excluding disc extrusion, I can help you.
A proper neurological evaluation is essential as some arm or leg pain can referred from a joint or muscle group that doesn’t follow typical nerve root patterns. This is called sclerotogenous pain which can many times be very vague or poorly defined.
Each of the above is treated differently so proper diagnosis is key.